How to Test a Malicious Link Without Clicking It

Spams and phishing emails are the most common method for the malware hackers to gain access to users’ credentials. its become so vicious and we have to be wary of clicking anything on the Internet. Malware authors create genuine looking spam emails to trick users to open the emails and the infectious attachment or the link that comes along with it. Most of the times, we get convinced and we end up clicking on the attachments and get directed to malicious websites or give way for the malicious criminals to install a malware code. So what could be the best possible cue to know if the link is malicious or genuine

#1 Shortened Links
There are these link shortening services like bit.ly which have been popularly used to fit social media compliance. However, malware authors and distributors also implement link shortening methods to hide out the actual destination of their links

The actual target place of the link can be viewed by using some specific tools by not clicking on the link.

#2 Links through unsolicited emails
Email that claims to be from a reputed bank with a subject line – “Verify Your Information” or “Enter your Information”, then it’s a phishing email Though the link mentioned in the email looks genuine, avoid clicking it as it might be a phishing mail mimicking to be genuine.  If you want to visit a bank website, enter the address manually on the address bar.

#3 If you find a bunch of strange characters in it
Most of the times malware authors try and hide the actual destination of the malicious sites  by implementing a technique called URL Encoding. By doing so, malware hackers can conceal commands and other malicious activities within the link so that the users cannot read it nor understands it. Hence in case, if you find a combination of % symbols, be wary of the URL.

#4 Scan the Link with a Link Scanner
There is a range of link scanning tools that can be used to validate the security of the link even before clicking the link. There are many such scanning tools like Comodo SIteInspector, ScanURL and others.

#5 Enable the Real-time or Active Scanning Option in Your Antimalware Software
Real-time or Pro-active scanning should be done to stay ahead of malware infection. This might eat up more system resources once this option is turned on.

#6 Keep Your Virus Protection/Antivirus Software Up to Date
If you have installed any Antivirus software, ensure to keep the software updated with the latest virus definitions. This is done to protect the system even from the latest threats. Enable auto-update of the virus definition on a regular basis. Keep a check of the last update of the software to be sure that the auto updates are taking place as per the agenda.

#7 Consider Adding a Second Opinion Malware Scanner
Ensure there is another malware scanner as the second line of the protection mechanism. By any chance, if the main antivirus software fails to detect the malware presence, the second malware scanner would assist in scanning the malware. By this way the malware will not be able to escape detection.

Top 6 Tools for Investigating Malicious URLs

1. Comodo cWatch – cWatch Web Security uses a range of detection methods to identify threats on your website. Comodo cWatch delivers efficient client website security possible. It takes control on the complete process of security investigation and monitoring for both cloud and on-premises and even hybrid environments. This provides controlled security, software as a service (SaaS) solution. It ensures to provide security expertise to enable quick recovery. It ensures absolute security posture and helps to recover from security breaches and other security attacks.

It ensures Malware removal, security information and event management, managed web application firewall, Content delivery Network, and 24/7 Cyber Security Operations Centre.

2. AlienVault OTX  – Open Threat Intelligence Community is available only to registered users of Open Threat Community. Which is free to Join. It instantly helps to identify compromised endpoints by deploying OTX E
Once the AlienVault Agent is installed on the device, it starts to identify threats instantly

Users can select and launch a predefined query on any endpoints from OTX.

AlienVault Agent executes the query and the end result of the query is displayed on a summary page within OTX.

The threat hunting tool is completely free that provides threat Intelligence Power as OTX Endpoint Threat Hunter. And can scan endpoints for known indicators of compromise (IOCs)

3. Any.Run is an interactive malware analysis scanner that allows the users to analyse and investigate on the suspicious or malware files in a secure virtual environment. With  this tool, users can upload files and have interactions real-time in a sandboxed environment. Above all, installation is not required.

Frees version supports  Windows 7 32-bit as a virtual sandboxed environment and it does not extend its  support to analyze the functions of a 64-bit files.

Maximum size of the file can be 16 Megabyte

Files that are uploaded to the service are available to be downloaded by any third person – this raises concern with regards to confidentiality

4. BrightCloud is a malware analyses tool that is next in the list and gives a clear view of complete threat, content, and reputation analysis. It assures to secure individuals and businesses by delivering pre-defined online threat intelligence support in a virtually connected world. It terminates malicious inbound traffic.

5. Kaspersky Virus Desk
Kaspersky VirusDesk is yet another malware analyses tool that checks the files for antivirus and reputation database. It gives a clear report on the identified threats and rolls out complete information about them.

It comes up with the following results:

If there are no threats found – The report reveals that the file is safe while it also says that there are no threats detected.
In case if the file seems to be suspicious or infected. It notifies the user that a threat has been detected. The file is unsafe to use, receive and share.

This scanning tool can scan files that can be maximum of 50MB in size.

6. IBM X-Force Research
It is yet another well-known and efficient commercial security research system. It is a cloud-based threat intelligence platform that channels out to share information on the most latest threats, delivers responsive solutions, etc.

What is Session Hijacking?

In the computer world, a session refers to the temporary interaction between a user and the website. In other words, the in-between time of the log-in and log-off during the operation of an account is called a session.

Session hijacking happens when online criminal places himself in between the  computer and the website’s server without revealing the identity to both endpoints gains access to information by impersonating.

At this juncture, the intruder monitors and tries to capture everything from the online user’s account. Sometimes, they take full control of the connection and even neutralize the legitimate user by denying them access to their own account.

During session hijacking, a hacker simply enters the server and accesses the info without the need to use a registered account. Besides these activities, the hacker may also make changes to the existing codes, modify server settings or install new programs that will support to steal valuable data and provide back-door entry whenever it is required.

How Does Session Hijacking Works?

Technically, the HTTP communication uses many TCP connections, thereby, it becomes mandatory for the server to recognize every user’s connections with the help of a specific method. The most common one in use is the authentication process, once it is completed the server forwards a token to the client browser. The token is formed of a set of variable width and it could be used in different ways – say like, in the header of HTTP requisition as a cookie, in other parts of the header of the HTTP request, in the body of the HTTP requisition or in the URL. The hacker exploits the session token by robbing or predicting a valid session token to gain an unofficial access to the web server. The session token compromising can happen in different ways.

In layman terms, the hacker without revealing the true identity tactfully enters the conversation and gains access to key information which is being communicated.  After taking control, the hacker has the ability to intercept, send and receive information without the knowledge of the sender and receiver. Session Hijacking happen two ways and, they are:

Different Ways Of Session Hijacking

Session Sniffing

As mentioned above, the tokens help the hacker to intrude in a valid session. So, the online attacker first gets the session id. Sniffing is also known as Packet Sniffing is used to get the session id. When this is accomplished, the gains full unauthorized access to the web server.

 The Cross-Site Script Attack

For a hacker, the cross-site script attack is the best way to acquire a session id without running any malicious codes or script from the client side.  The victim is not targeted directly, however, the online fraudster compromises the weak points on the website and uses it to deliver a malicious script to the victim’s browser.

Tips To Prevent Session Hijacking

Usually, a session hijacking attacker steals the session id with the help of a malicious code on the client website. Thereby, it is essential to enable the protection from the client side. Few preventive methods up ahead the road can help steer clear of all the dangers. Installing robust antivirus, anti-malware software, helps a lot, at the same time remember to keep the existing software up to date.

The latest technique makes use of an engine that fingerprints all requests of a session. Besides tracking the IP address and SSL session id, it also keeps a record of the HTTP headers. Any change in the header adds penalty points to the session and the session gets canceled when the points surpass a definite limit. Not worry, the limit can be configured. This is sufficient enough to tackle the situation because when the intrusion happens, it will have a different HTTP header order.

How cWatch Can Prevent Session Hijacking

Comodo cWatch delivers Managed Security Service to protect websites and its applications by integrating Web Application Firewall (WAF) over a Secure Content Delivery Network (CDN). The Comodo Security Operations Center (CSOC) identifies threats and unknown files and analyses them and then performs the necessary actions. It provides continuous 24/7 website surveillance– an effective approach to prevent a range of hacking attempts like session hijacking, session sniffing, and from other suspicious threats from entering the websites.

It ensures real-time web traffic monitoring and incident identification and hence prevents session hijacking – where the hacker attempts to impose an attack through active computer sessions.

Top 10 DDoS Protection Companies

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) is a type of attack that involves using multiple compromised networks to target a single website. Hackers execute DDoS attacks by hijacking unprotected computers and installing malware. By using thousands of these “bots” or “zombie computers,” hackers target a single web-based application or website, flooding it with a huge volume of traffic and causing the target to become unavailable to legitimate users.

Recently, DDoS protection has become increasingly difficult as DDoS attacks have now become sophisticated. DDoS attackershave moved their focus from the network and transport layers to the application layer, where DDoS protection is difficult to maintain. Exponential growth is seen in the size of attacks, and most enterprises lack the capital resources to scale their security programs to provide suitable DDoS protection.

Let’s look at the top 10 companies providing DDoS protection:

1.Comodo cWatch
cWatch is a Managed Security Service for web applications and websites – which means they handle all the security measures on your behalf. As the most affordable on our list, it is available with a Web Application Firewall (WAF) provisioned over a Secure Content Delivery Network (CDN). If your website is affected by a DDoS attackComodo will know it even before you do. cWatch’s team of cyber experts monitor your website 24/7. Should an attack occur, Comodo’s Cyber Security Operation Center(CSOC) team leverages cyber technology and immediately acts to prevent the attack, while providing you with a detailed post-event forensic report. They leverage its WAF’s virtual patching and hardening engines to offer real-time threat mitigation without impacting your site. Their free plan offers lite DDoS protection using its complimentary CDN service.

2.Verisign DDoS Protection Services
When a DDoS attack is detected by Verisign, support personnel instantly notify customers about it and recommend an ideal mitigation strategy. Besides the monitoring feature, Verisign also offers on-demand mitigation. It comprises Open Hybrid API that allows organizations to use their existing security systems to send threat information to Verisign’s cloud-based service for possible mitigation.

3.Akamai DDoS mitigation
Akamai’s DDoS mitigation solution includes CDN-basedDDoS scrubbing, and DNS components, based on each customer’s requirements. Akamai mitigates DNS-based DDoS attacks, besides safeguarding DNS services from DDoS attacks. It includes automated rate controls, monitoring tools, custom web application firewall (WAF) rules, traffic profiles, and workflows that prevent unnecessary mitigation actions.

4.SiteLock
This website security company offers its clients a choice of automatic “always on” DDoS mitigation vs. “on demand.” Both offerings are a paid service, prices vary, and the “always on” solution, the company’s technology claims to handle “hit and run” DDoS attacks. These attacks comprise short bursts of traffic at interval levels over a long period. With automatic detection and activation, SiteLock takes complete responsibility for both detection and mitigation of the attack.

5.Cloudflare DDoS Protection
The cloud-based DDoS protection system offered by this company can deal with layer-seven attacks as well as layer-four and layer-three attacks. Instead of employing dedicated anti-DDoS hardware, all machines in its global network take part in DDoS mitigation. It has more than 15 Tbps of capacity.

6.Arbor Networks APS
Arbor Networks protect against all types of DDoS threats by employing hybrid, multi-layer defenses. Arbor’s APS delivers on-premises protection and addresses application-layer and TCP state-exhaustion attacks. It applies its detection and mitigation technology for automatic, fast blocking of attacks.

7.Neustar SiteProtect NG
Neustar SiteProtect NG provides DDoS protection with hybrid and cloud-based options for scrubbing malicious traffic—with capabilities to implement countermeasures to protect a site’s uptime, limit exposure, and provide automated mitigation across multiple attack vectors.

8.Radware DDoS Protection
This company provides integrated application and network security. The Attack Mitigation Solution from this company is a hybrid DDoS protection solution that is available with ‘always-on’ detection and mitigation with cloud-based volumetric DDoS attackprevention, scrubbing, and 24×7 cyberattack and DDoS security.

9.DOSarrest DDoS Protection
Besides protecting websites, DOSarrest also focuses on HTTP/HTTPs. Protection is also provided for APIs and mobile application servers on TCP ports 443 and 80. It offers cloud-based security that comprises DDoS protection, a web application firewall, a CDN for improved performance, website monitoring and support.

10.F5 DDoS Protection
F5 protects against DDoS traffic targeting the networks, cloud, and applications, including DNS attacks. It can analyze network layers 3-7. F5’s DDoS Hybrid Defender is capable of addressing sophisticated application attacks and blended network attacks while enabling anti-bot capabilities, SSL decryption, and advanced detection.

Best WordPress Security

Almost every WordPress website is vulnerable to malware attacks. When a website is hacked or compromised it will certainly bring down the reputation of the company, it will cost a lot to restore the system to normal and create a great impact on the search engine ranking.

However, if there is a check on the security controls to tighten up boundaries, websites can be effectively protected from malicious attacks. In this article, we will be discussing on some tips to fix WordPress security issues. Read on to know more.

1: Two-factor authentication

Two factor authentications are the most effective way to provide protection to WordPress websites from online threats to ensure sites’ login security. The user is sent a One-Time Password (OTP) through SMS to the registered mobile number which is valid for a limited time frame. The OTP is valid only to a user for a limited time frame. By this way if the hacker attempts to use the OTP after the expected time frame would not be able to access the website as it goes invalid after a stipulated time frame.

2: Strong password

Passwords have been a common security factor to protect user accounts. Implementing an effective use of passwords that is hard to guess is required while it also must be changed at regular intervals. Use a complex password with minimum 10 characters with a combination of numbers, lowercase and uppercase letters along with some special characters as well. Refrain from using personal information like date of birth, spouse’ name, child’s name and so. Implement the use of password generator to generate passwords that are complex to crack.

3: reduce the number of user login attempts

Hackers try logging in accounts multiple times until they successfully crack the password. Limiting the number of attempts to login for specific amount of time can save the WordPress website from cyber-attacks. Incorporate the use of plugins that can lock the website from further login attempts.

4: Choose a good hosting provider

You might have an effective website security system in place to protect the WordPress website. However, you must be sure if you have chosen a good hosting provider that is effective to deny vulnerable attacks. While you choose one, check if the hosting provider comprises of WP firewall, updated MySQL and PHP to ensure protected hosting.

5: Scheduled Backups

Organization should have an effective backup plan as a part of the crisis management strategy. In case of any mishap, organizations can rely on the backup solution plan to restore lost files and programs and so there are less possibilities of losing data. There are plugins that take regular backup some of them are Vaultpress, backup buddy and assures restore options.

6: Refrain from using the username as admin

 Admin is the most common string used. Hackers try using Admin as the first string while attempt to login. Create a new user with any other name and set admin privileges.

 7: Update the WordPress environment on a regular basis 

WordPress releases security update immediately after a security issue is found. The updated version has the issue fixed and upgrading to the new version would fix the existing security flaws and helps deny hackers. The hackers establish backdoor through the security flaws that are found in the older version to target and attack your website. Set automatic updates to maintain instant updates corresponding to the new patch release.

8: Update Plugins and Themes

Plugins and themes are easy target for hackers to gain access to personal information. Hence they have to be given proper protection. Keep the themes and plugins updated. Ensure to configure instant updates so that they stay current.

9: Remove Plugins that are not in use

Inactive plugins are vulnerable to attacks. Hence if any of the plugins are not in use, it is advisable to delete the inactive plugins to mitigate vulnerability. Deactivating the plugins is not just enough, it must be deleted and completely thrown out to the trash.

 10: Monitor WordPress Files 

Keep the WordPress files under the radar to track and monitor constantly. Plugins that have prevention features, security scanning and intrusion detection provide complete security solution through consistent monitoring.

WordPress websites require an extra pair of glasses to ensure consistent protection and is therefore a continuous process. Embrace the right level protection techniques at a full measure to deliver absolute protection for your WordPress website.

Best Ways to Protect Your Website

A cyber attack refers to a deliberate exploitation of technology-dependent enterprises, computer systems, and networks. In simple terms, it is an attack launched from one computer or more computers against another computer, multiple computers or networks. Cyber attacks are known to use malicious code to modify computer code, logic or data, resulting in troublesome consequences that can actually compromise data and lead to cybercrimes like identity and information theft.

Hackers are always on the lookout for new ways to grab your most sensitive data through cyber attacks. Hence, it is essential for you to study and implement different ways that will help protect your website from cyber attacks. Website security is thus extremely important in order to protect all your online activities, sensitive data, and business from cyber attacks.

Discussed below are a few tips that will help protect yourself from cyber attacks:

•    Activate your firewall
One good website security measure is to activate a firewall that is responsible for monitoring all the outgoing and incoming traffic towards your computer. If your antivirus does not include a firewall, at least make sure to keep your windows firewall ‘Activated’.
•    Use passphrases
Use different passphrases that can contain user ID/password combinations for different accounts and never write them down. You can also create more complicated passwords by combining numbers, letters and special characters, and make sure to change them regularly. Instead of just using passwords, you can also use passphrases made up of sentences that are very hard to crack.
•    Encrypt your data
Make sure to use encryption for your most sensitive files such as financial records or tax returns. Also, make regular back-ups of all your vital data, and store it in another location.
•    Do not store credit card details on websites 
Some websites insist that you store your credit card details so that your transactions can be quickly processed next time. Never do such things and also try searching for last 6 or 8 digits of your credit cards numbers in google with double quotes to make sure that your credit card details are not available on the internet.
•    Learn to recognize suspicious activities
It is not easy to instantly recognize all cyber attacks. Some hackers may be satisfied to use your accounts or devices as part of a botnet. Hackers could also steal your identity to defraud others. All of these activities, despite being subtle, leave a trail of doubtful messages or unauthorized connections that can often be identified and acted upon to secure your account.
•    Using antivirus software
Besides just installing antivirus software, ensure to keep your antivirus software updated as it plays a major role in preventing viruses from infecting your computer. To ensure maximum cybersecurity, most of the antivirus software programs protect from virus, malware, and rootkits.
•    Crosscheck your social media security settings
Make sure your social networking profiles are set to private. Check your security settings and refrain from posting sensitive information about you online.
•    Update everything
By staying constantly up-to-date on the latest software, you are actually preventing different hacker attacks and several other virus and malware attacks, thus increasing website security.
•    Install a good website security tool
A website security tool is capable of scanning websites at periodic intervals in order identify if there is any suspicious activity. When a suspicious activity is traced, the website security tool instantly brings it to the notice of security experts. The main persons in the organization will also receive an alert.  Website security tools thus help in identifying and removing malware which is trying to affect your website, or which has gone unnoticed on the business website.

A website security tool that is capable of providing all the necessary website security features is cWatch Web, a web security tool developed by Comodo. Comodo cWatch Web is a Managed Security Service for websites and applications that is available with a Web Application Firewall (WAF) provisioned over a Secure Content Delivery Network (CDN).  It is a wholly managed solution provided by a 24x7x365 staffed Cyber Security Operation Center (CSOC) made up of certified security analysts. It is also powered by a Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) that can leverage data from more than 85 million endpoints in order to detect and mitigate threats even before they occur.

Comodo cWatch Web is a website tool that also offers services like malware detection scanning, preventive methods and removal services to allow organizations adopt a proactive approach in order to protect their business and brand reputation from infections and attacks.  This tool also provides vulnerability scanning to provide businesses, online merchants and several other service providers handling credit cards online with an automated and simple way to stay compliant with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS).

The Cyber Security Operations Center (CSOC) from cWatch plays a crucial role in helping you to stay ahead of threats. The CSOC offers a comprehensive Security-as-a-Service (SaaS) solution with certified security analysts and modern technology that will help to manage and take control of your website, applications, and systems.

The CSOC provides the following features that play a vital role in protecting you from cyber attacks and thus providing overall protection for your website:

•    Blacklist repair
•    Fully managed WAF
•    Real-time event monitoring
•    Threat investigations and analysis
•    Risk assessment reports
•    PCI compliance and vulnerability scans
•    Incident management and response
•    Expert tuning and configuration management
•    Continuous policy and prevention updates
•    Reverse malware and suspect application engineering
•    24x7x365 surveillance by a team of certified security analysts

Hashing Algorithm

Hashing refers to the transformation of a string of characters into a typically shorter fixed-length value or key that represents the original string. Hashing is apt for indexing and retrieving items in a database as it takes less time to find the item using the shorter hashed key in comparison to the time taken while using the original value. Hashing is also employed in several encryption algorithms.

The hashing algorithm is referred to as the hash function: a term probably derived from the concept that the resulting hash value can be assumed as a “mixed up” version of the represented value.

Hashing Techniques
Three basic methods of dealing with hash clash are available. They are:

  • Chaining
  • Rehashing
  • Separate chaining

Chaining
This hashing technique builds a link list of all items whose keys possess the same value. During a search, this sorted linked list is sequentially traversed from the desired key. It involves adding an additional link field to each table position. There are three types of chaining:

  • General Coalesced Hashing

This is the generalization of standard coalesced chaining method. In this method, extra positions are added to the hash table that can be employed for listing the nodes in the time of collision.

  • Standard Coalesced Hashing

This is considered to be the simplest of all chaining methods. It brings down the average number of probes for an unsuccessful search. It also executes the deletion without causing any negative impact on efficiency.

  • Varied Insertion Coalesced Hashing

This chaining type is the combination of general and standard coalesced hashing. In this method, the colliding item is inserted to the list instantly following the hash position unless the list developing from that position contains a cellar element.

Rehashing
This hashing technique deals with using a secondary hash function. The rehash function is successively applied until an empty position is identified in the table where an item can be inserted. The rehash function is again used to locate the item if the item’s hash position is found to be occupied during the search.

Separate Chaining
It is not possible to insert items more than the table size. In certain cases, space much more than required is allocated leading to space wastage. To handle these issues, a method called separate chaining is available for resolving clashes. This hashing technique maintains a separate link list for all records whose keys hash into a specific value. As part of this method, the items ending with a specific number is placed in a particular link list. The 10’s and 100’s are not taken into account. The pointer to the node points to the next node, and the pointer points to NULL value in instances when there are no more nodes. A few key benefits of this separate chaining method include:

  • The list items don’t have to be contiguous storage
  • It permits traversal of items in hash key order
  • Need not worry about filling up the table whatever be the number of items.

What is Salting?
This concept of salting typically relates to password hashing. It is basically a unique value that can be added to the end of the password to develop a different hash value. This indeed adds a layer of security to the hashing process, particularly against brute force attacks. A brute force attack is one in which a computer or botnet attempts every possible combination of numbers and letters until the password is discovered. Furthermore, when salting, the extra value is referred to as a “salt.” The concept here refers to the fact that by adding a salt to the end of a password and then hashing it, you have actually complicated the password cracking process.

How cWatch can Provide Web Protection and Act as a Shield
When talking about layers of security, you can consider going in for cWatch web security, which is a security intelligence service capable of protecting networks and web applications from a variety of threats.

cWatch runs consistent malware scans on your domains and automatically removes any malware if detected. The Content Delivery Network (CDN) service enhances site performance by delivering your web content from the data center that is closest to your visitor.

The cWatch service regularly logs events on your domains to detect new attack vectors. These logs permit the Comodo Cyber-Security Operations Center (CSOC) to dynamically create and apply firewall rules to combat the most recent threats.

The console dashboard immediately tells you about the health of your sites, including any security-related incidents and attacks. cWatch is also capable of sending threat notifications to your email, phone number or SMS.

The Comodo Web Application Firewall (WAF) provides military-grade defense against SQL injections, bot traffic, hackers, and more. It is also possible for you to develop your own custom firewall rules.

With cWatch, you can run consistent scans on a weekly basis for the top 10 OWASP threats and for known WordPress vulnerabilities.

cWatch helps identify malware, provides the methods and tools to remove it, and prevents future malware attacks

Comodo cWatch is powered by an advanced analytics-driven Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) process that can examine event data in real time providing security intelligence for early detection of breaches and threats, log management, rapid incident response times, and compliance reporting.

Rowhammer Data Hack

Rowhammer refers to a data theft technique that has captivated and worried the cybersecurity community for years because of the fact that it combines physical and digital hacking in ways that are both unaccounted for and fascinating. Since its initial discovery, researchers have constantly refined the attack, and even expanded the range of targets it works against. Researchers have significantly increased the scope of the potential threat to include vital devices like and routers and servers—even when they comprise of components that were precisely assumed to be immune.

Rowhammer attacks are known to be a brutal data hack technique. They deal with strategically implementing a program over and over on a “row” of transistors in a computer’s memory chip. The aim here is to “hammer” that row until some electricity gets leaked into the adjacent row. This leakage can cause a bit in the target row to “flip” from one position to another, somewhat modifying the data stored in memory. An accomplished Rowhammer attacker will then be able to start exploiting these minute data changes in order to gain more system access.

Second Remote Rowhammer Exploit

Researchers at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and the University of Cyprus recently discovered that sending malicious packets over LAN can activate the Rowhammer attack on systems running Ethernet network cards equipped with Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA), which is generally used in data centers and clouds.

Since RDMA-enabled network cards permit computers in a network to exchange data (with both read and write access) in the main memory, misusing it to access host’s memory in rapid succession can activate bit flips on Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM). No software patch can completely fix the issue since Rowhammer exploits a computer hardware weakness. According to researchers, the Rowhammer threat is not just real but also has the potential to bring about real, severe damage.

Researchers have now discovered a second remote Rowhammer attack. Dubbed Throwhammer, this newly discovered technique is capable of allowing attackers to launch Rowhammer attack on the targeted systems by just sending specially crafted packets to the vulnerable network cards over the local area network. In other words, Throwhammer exploited Rowhammer through RDMA channels.

A successful Throwhammer attack will need an extremely high-speed network of at least 10Gbps because triggering a bit flip requires hundreds of thousands of memory accesses to particular DRAM locations within tens of milliseconds

Website Data Hack Prevention

The best way to prevent a data hack situation is to think like a hacker. If you were a hacker, what sort of data would you be looking for? What are the methods you would use to try to get it? There are several different types of databases and many different ways to hack data, but most hackers will either try to run a known database exploit or crack the database root password. If understand database basics and if you are comfortable with SQL statements, you can hack data.

Given below are key reasons for website hacking accompanied with measures on how to prevent them:

  • Keep software updated

An outdated software may not be equipped with specific patches that could make it vulnerable to the hacks. Make sure that your web server software, plugins, CMS, and other crucial software related to the website are all set for automatic updates. If that option is not available, make it to manually update the software.

  • Using common passwords

Compromised account details is a serious concern that could result in an easy way to hack websites. The most common mistake here is to set a password that is simple and weak or that which is too easy to crack by trying variations of passwords. Thus, it is essential to develop a password that is hard to crack and also refrain from using the same password for different websites. Additionally, make use of security tools like two-factor authentication.

  • Improperly managed data

Website data is referred to as “leaked” when it is improperly uploaded or mishandled. It is possible for data leaks to result in hacking. Make sure that employees have access only to the required data and also make use of URL removal tool to ensure Google does not index sensitive URLs in search results.

  • Check for your WordPress themes and plugins

You have to ensure that the WordPress themes and the plugins of the website are patched. Outdated plugins, themes, and WordPress version are the most common way and easiest way through which hackers gain access to your site. Your system can still be vulnerable due to deactivated themes and plugins. Make sure you delete the themes or plugins that are additional and not used any more for the website. Don’t disable these plugins or themes, rather, remove their files entirely from your server. Furthermore, when using free available versions of paid plugins and themes make sure to carefully check them before integrating them as these free versions are easy to be infected with malicious code.

  • Security policy loopholes

Specific security policies like easily giving away access to the admin, permitting users to develop weak passwords, and not enabling HTTPS on your website, can lead to negative consequences. Always implement a firm security policy in order to safeguard the website. You will also have to properly manage the user access and privileges, accurately analyze the logs, and use encrypted data.

  • Web phishing

Hackers mostly use fraudulent emails and web pages just to mislead the user to gain confidential data. Often, phishing attacks make one believe that they are dealing with a genuine webmaster. These attacks trick the user in order to steal passwords and other such confidential data. Thus, it is vital that a user refrains from sharing personal details with someone they are not familiar with.

What Do You Mean By Website Security

Website security refers to the methodology of securing sensitive data stored online from illegal access and modification. This is achieved by implementing stringent policy measures. Security threats are common these days and hackers are rigorously finding ways to compromise the sensitive data stored by an organization to support their malicious intentions.

The sole purpose of Website security is to distinguish the following:
➢Important assets of a business
➢Legitimate users who may access sensitive data
➢Level of access (full/limited) granted to each user
➢The multiple vulnerabilities that may reside in the application
➢Data exposure, criticality and risk analysis
➢Relevant remediation steps

How Do You Make A Website Secure?

The website security is achieved only when the below stated four rules of security are addressed appropriately. These four rules remain uniform for all businesses and organization across the globe.

Confidentiality:-
The sensitive website data stored on the cloud or servers in the organization should not be exposed under any circumstances.
Integrity:-
The data received from the website should be consistent and is only to be changed by an approved user.
Availability:-
The website should remain accessible to all legitimate users within a particularized period of time depending on the request.
Nonrepudiation:-
The legitimate user cannot deny changing the data held on the Website and that the Website can prove its identity to the legitimate user.

The website security analysis runs parallel with website development. The programmers and developers who are responsible for website development should execute various strategies, post-risk analysis, mitigation, and monitoring.

Why Is Website Security Important?

Small business owners are not aware of the website security risks and consequences and tend to assume that they’re too small to be noticed by cybercriminals. As a matter of fact, cybercriminals and hackers target small or big businesses based on the vulnerabilities in the sites using automated tools.

Most small business owners fail to think about their website security. Even though they think of usual security concerns, they often don’t connect those concerns with their own business website safety. This prevents them from setting up even the most basic website security precautions that are essential to be followed.

A website builds the brand image of any business, and often acts as the first point of contact for potential customers. When security measures are not met properly, customer relationships can be damaged. Website threats come in many forms and must be dealt with appropriately – as a single security breach could completely bring destroy a business, its brand and customer loyalty. In the USA, almost all the states now have stringent data breach laws and impose fines, penalties, and other costs for not taking care of the security properly.

An infected website poses security risks to visitors while also presenting additional concerns for non-visitors. Bad actors attack small websites to leverage them as hubs to spread malware attacks on other larger websites. Sometimes these attacks include national targets and infrastructure. When such attacks are carried out, online criminals make use of the combined power of thousands of computers and sites to launch their attacks.

How can I check a website is safe?

Therefore, it is always vital for a business of any size to stay protected by regularly checking on the posture of their website security.  Most of the attacks today are carried out through phishing tactics. Therefore it is recommended to browse with caution – make it a point to double-check the URL especially those sites of banks, social networks, and any e-mail sites before logging in.  Of late, Firefox, Chrome, and Internet Explorer browsers now present a color-change on the location bar to symbolize that the website has been authenticated as genuine one. Check for HTTPS instead of the less-secure HTTP which is also a good idea.

There are online tools that will also allow site visitors and website owners alike to protect themselves. Comodo cWatch offers two such tools – its site score scanner and its cWatch Web security solution.

Website Check – A scoring tool

The cWatch Web Site Score Scanner is an automatic website scanner that will provide a sites security rating within seconds. Simply type in the URL of any site and within seconds the tool will scan the website with Comodo’s automated scanner and provide score rating based on its security posture such as whether malicious code was detected on the site or whether the website has protection layers enabled to prevent infection. This helpful tool can give great insight for a visitor and determine the level of precaution they should take when engaging with that site.

Protected Websites

Today, all websites of every size are prone to numerous online attacks. Therefore,
A website that enables protection is not only the wisest way to maintain a site, but it is also one that visitors should feel more inclined to visit because they can rest assured that the website owner cares about their safety as well.

The Comodo cWatch website security solution offers comprehensive protection with multiple layers of technology and a team of cyber experts that will handle all the aspects of your security. From complete complimentary scans and malware removal the professional team is ever-ready to support you on a 24/7 basis. For more details on Comodo cWatch which can effectively help you in checking if your website is safe visit the official page!

Website Scam

Scam Free Online business

With more and more souls craving to go online to make that extra cash, the online scammers are getting away with what they want by preying on the hopes and inexperience of these hopeful, new, home business owners. Today, the internet is filled with a whole load of website scams which are hard to decipher at first look. Regrettably, the regular refund advice does not help when you are victimized of a scam.

For any legal business that is abiding by the laws of the land will absolutely have no problem refunding your money. Basically, it is – a simple customer service request can have the funds refunded to the account when the goods are returned or when the services are no longer required.

Cyber Threats

The Internet is no longer a safer place to venture out if you are unsure of what you are dealing with. Even the safest of approaches may land you in unrepairable damage. So how do we classify these money laundering website scams? We pin them under these categories for you to easily understand. To begin with…

Phishing Pages

Online fraudsters carry out Phishing attack which is one of the website scams. The online criminal sends out fraudulent communications to users to steal their personal details. The details may include login credentials, bank account details, and debit or credit card numbers. Simply put, the online attacker masquerades as a trusted entity trick their victims into opening a fraudulent email. The receiver is then duped into clicking a malicious link, which leads to phishing pages.

 Support Scams

As the name suggests dubious technical support, “technicians” pose as authorized personnel to rectify tech-related issues for unsuspecting computer owners. Once the permission is granted to access the system files and other sensitive areas of the system or network, they steal what is needed and leave without a trace. The support scam type of website scams have become more common in the present times.

Credit Card Stealers

Online shopping and other transactions like booking tickets, play online games, participating in online casinos, are more common these days. As e-commerce business has continued to grow, so too has the knowledge of hackers and stealers. This had paved way for credit card stealers to take advantage by implanting cookies to steal the credit card data. Spyware cookies stealers are very common these days and it is considered an emerging threat in the age of information and website scams.

Malware from websites

The malware from websites is malicious software which threatens to delete or deny access to data, once it downloads and takes over the computer. The online fraudster commands a ransom to be sent through cryptocurrency or credit card in order to restore the access to the files. With the advent of website malware scam enterprise data has become more vulnerable to cybercriminals.

How To Prevent Cyber Attacks?

Here are a few useful tips that can help you steer clear from the website scams.

  • It is better to run on the latest and updated operating system
  • Have it updated regularly
  • Don’t install software from sources that you are not sure of
  • Never give administrative privileges for anyone online and for any reason
  • Have an effective antivirus software installed
  • Last but not least, always back up your files, regularly and automatically

How cWatch Security Detect Dark website easily?

Try Comodo cWatch- The The World’s Only Free Website Security and Malware Removal Tool. Comodo cWatch – the best protection tool for all websites, web servers and web applications against the increasing sophistication of hacker attacks can guarantee the safety.  The solution is easy to use with any website or CMS platform. It doesn’t matter if your website is already under malware attack or for security purpose, it provides complete website security solution.

Comodo cWatch provides you 24/7 website surveillance, Incident Response, Security Expertise, Real-time visibility, Faster website speeds, and High website availability. Get started by checking your website now!

Hack This Site In 7 Steps

What is Hacking?

Hacking refers to identifying weaknesses in networks or computer systems and then exploiting its weaknesses to gain access. To run a successful business, computers have now become mandatory. Having isolated computers is just not enough; they will have to be networked to simplify communication with external businesses. This indeed exposes them to the outside world and hacking. Hacking thus means using computers to execute fraudulent acts like privacy invasion, stealing personal/corporate, etc. Hence, it is essential for businesses to protect themselves against such hacking attacks.

Types of Hackers

Some of the common types of hackers are as follows:

•    Ethical hackers
These hackers are also known as white hat hackers who do not illegally break into a computer’s network. Instead, they perform a number of tests in order to check the efficiency of their company’s security systems. Ethical hacking is done without any personal or profit motive. Computer security software manufacturers are those who mostly carry out this particular attack. They are considered to be the only line of defense between a black hat hacker and a company.
•    Black hat hackers
Unlike the white hat hackers, these black hat hackers execute just the opposite in both methodology and intention. After gaining access into a network, they only focus on corrupting data for their own personal gain. They then share the information with other hackers to take advantage of the same vulnerabilities.
•    Blue hat hackers
Security companies call them to check for vulnerabilities in their system. Prior to launching a new product, companies will hire these rouge hackers for testing their system.
•    Grey Hat Hackers
These hackers possess properties of both black and white hat hackers. They generally scan the internet to observe flaws in a network. Next, they will hack into them and show the flaws to their administrator, thus seeking adequate compensation.
•    Intelligence Agencies
These hackers safeguard the national systems from foreign threats.
•    Organized Crime
This is a particular group of black hat hackers who try to find their own personal gain by exposing computer systems.
•    Hacktivists
These hackers hack to advance social causes like politics, religion, or personal beliefs. Their main aim is to embarrass the victim or to deface a website. They come under two categories: right to information and cyber terrorism. The former category refers to the concept of taking confidential information and exposing it to the public because they believe all information is free. The latter category aims at causing widespread fear by destroying a system’s operation and then making it useless in order to advance political motives.

How to Become a Hacker?

The following tips will give you a brief idea on how to become a hacker:

•    Learn UNIX
UNIX is a multi-tasking and multi-user computer operating system that has been specifically designed to provide good security to the systems.
•    Learn more than one programming language
It is important to learn other modern computer programming languages such as Perl, PHP, JAVA, and Python.
•    Learn more than one operating system
Windows operating system is considered to be one of the most commonly compromised systems, hence it is always good to learn how to hack Microsoft systems, which are closed-source systems.
•    Become familiar with different networking concepts
It is important that you thoroughly understand TCP/IP and UDP protocol in order to exploit the vulnerabilities on the world wide web.
•    Read articles about hacking
From these articles, you will gain insight about hacking and how to develop the attitude to be a hacker.
•    Learn to program in C
As the most powerful languages in computer programming, this programming language will help you divide the task in smaller pieces and these pieces can be expressed by a sequence of commands.
•    Get to about cryptography
The technology of cryptography and encryption is extremely important for internet and networking.  Cryptography is increasingly used in ATM cards, e-commerce, and computer passwords. While hacking, these encrypted codes will have to be broken, and this is called decryption.
•    Start by experimenting on your own computers
By initially experimenting on your own computers, you will be able to rectify things if you have done any mistake.

How to Hack a Website?

Website hacking can take place by:

  • Hacking via online SQL injection
  • Hacking with basic HTML coding

•    Hacking a website using online SQL injection

The following steps are followed to hack a website using SQL injection:

Step 1

Open google.com by using your system’s Firefox and type in inurl:.php?id=  You will see a list of websites with dork php. Click on any of them.

Step 2

Insert an apostrophe at the end of the url to check if the website is vulnerable. If it says, “you have an error in your SQL syntax”, then it indicates that the website is most likely to be vulnerable and hence proceed.

Step 3

Remove the apostrophe and add order by 2—in order to see how many columns the website has and perhaps the most important work you have to do here. Keep testing with 3–, 4–, 5– till you receive a message like “unknown column”.

Step 4

Delete the ‘12 order by‘ and replace with null union all select 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10–  After the page loads, you will see a few numbers. Pick the top one. For instance, if it is 7 then replace 7 in the url with @@Version. It will show 5.092 community which is great as it means that the database version is over 5 (fundamentally meaning it can be hacked).

Step 5

Now replace @@version with group_concat(table_name) and after the last number, add from information_schema.tables where table_schema=database()–

Step 6

Replace both tables in the url with a column. You will get all the information the website has. Obtain those interesting to you, for example, username, full name etc. Replace column_name with username,0x3a,pass and replace all the information tags with users–. You will get all the usernames and passwords associated with the website. If it says ‘unknown username and blank list’, it means you have the wrong table, and you will have to go back and look for a different table. It could also mean that you can select another stuff to hack, like the product.
Here, the usernames are displayed first because it comes before the pass in the url.

Step 7

To log in you will have to google admin page finder and then click on the first link. Follow the instructions and get your own admin page finder login. Following this, login with any of the logins you have secured. Click on profile after it logs in and you will find all the details needed.

•    How to hack a website via basic HTML coding

If you possess basic HTML and JavaScript knowledge, you might just be able to access websites that are password protected. This last method will present to you easy steps on how to hack less secured websites of your choice through HTML. Remember that this method only works for websites with very low security details.

Step 1

Open the website you need to hack. In its sign-in form, enter wrong username and wrong password combination. You will find an error popup saying wrong username and password.

Step 2

Right-click on that error page> and go to view source.

Step 3

Open and view the source code. There you will see the HTML coding with JavaScript.

  • You will find something like this….<_form action=”…Login….”>
  • Before this login information copy the URL of the website in which you are.

Step 4

Carefully delete the JavaScript that validates your information on the server. This website can be successfully hacked based on how efficiently you delete the javascript code validating your account information.

Step 5

Go to file>save as>and save it anywhere on your hard disk with ext.html

Step 6

Reopen your target web i.e. ‘chan.html’ file that you earlier saved in your hard disk. You will see a few changes in the current page as compared to the original one. This indeed proves that you are on the right path.

Step 7

Provide any username and password. You have thus successfully cracked a website and entered the account.

Note: All the above steps are for educative purpose. we do not encourage or endorse any type of hacking.